Tuesday, 09 October 2018 22:15

2018 INDONESIA LOMBOK EARTHQUAKE (20-24 SEP) Featured

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Background

On 5 August 2018, a destructive and shallow earthquake measuring Mw 6.9 (ML 7.0 according to BMKG) struck the island of Lombok, Indonesia. It was the main shock following its foreshock, a nearby Mw 6.4 earthquake on 29 July. It was followed by another 6.9 earthquake on 19 August 2018.2018id001

Widespread damage was reported in Lombok and Bali. Officials stated that at least 80% of structures in North Lombok were either damaged or destroyed. In the aftermath of the sequence of earthquakes in August, a total of 563 people was confirmed killed while more than 1,000 were confirmed injured. More than 417,000 people were displaced.

CREST partnering with Methodist Crisis Relief & Development (MCRD) Malaysia, received appeals from Mennonite Diakonia Service (MDS) to set up 5 sets of reverse osmosis drinking water (RO Water) treatment system at Mentigi, Krandangan, Sanggar Sari, Resot Timur dan Tanjung. Each unit costs Rp. 10,000,000 with a capacity of providing clean drinking water for 500 families in transitional shelters.

Objective

1. Install 5 units RO Water treatment system according to the locations.

2. Children physio social support.

3. Assessment with local partner for future development projects.

Team Member

Team Leader : CK Cheong (CREST)

Assistant Team Leader : Edward Tan (CREST)

Logistics : Chan Wai Hong (Volunteer)

Travel Log : Phil Yee (MCRD), Pink Yap (Volunteer)

Treasurer : Michael Chang (MCRD)\

Photographer : Hee Wei (Volunteer)\

Children Mission : Grace Lee (Volunteer)

*MCRD – Methodist Crisis Relief and Development

Travel Events

Date                 Event

20 Sep 0600 – KLIA2 short travel briefing, breakfast, check in.

0755 – Boarded flight to Lombok.

1130 – Landed at Lombok Airport.

1230 – Left airport in two MPVs.

1320 – Arrived at Taliwang Alam Nyuman restaurant for lunch. (S8°33’57.90363” E116°4'52.91667")

1415 – Headed for Mataram to meet with local partner.

1435 – Arrived at Lombok Epicentrum Mall. Met with Pak Paulus and Keffas from MDS for briefing. (S8°35'39.34428” E116°6'16.6194")

1540 – Left Epicentrum to travel to Sanggar Sari.

1655 – Arrived at Sanggar Sari Base Camp. (S8°23.801’ E116°7.575')

1750 – Set up tents done. Wash up and shower.

1940 – Team Debriefing.

2000 – Dinner, planning for tomorrow with local partners.

2130 – Rest.

21 Sep 0700 – Wake up, breakfast.

0815 – 2 members travel by motorcycle to the market to buy snacks and food for children's ministry. 6 members assemble RO water filter tank base and water filters. Assessment for Keyangan to be done by local partners.

1300 – Meeting together with Keffas (local partner). They requested for 2 tanks to be installed at Senaru. 3 at Kayangan.

1355 – Lunch with locals and local partners.

1400 – 4 team members prepare and rehearse for presentation for children. 4 team members continue to assemble water filters.

1555 – Felt slight tremor at Senggar Sari lasting for 4–5 seconds. No other seismic activity after that. Reported earthquake to be 3.7 Richter scale.

1600 – 4 members went for children's ministry. Skit/drama for children with songs and distribution of gifts (snacks and toys). Remaining 4 members continued to assemble water filters.

1730 – 2 team members left to visit and view other areas of Sanggar Sari with local partner on 4WD.

1945 – Dinner, team debriefing, rest.

22 Sep 0445 – Wake up. Depart by 4WD carrying 6 water tanks and 9 members.

0630 – Split into 2 vehicles. 1 member with water tank 4WD. Remaining team members in truck.

0820 – Arrived at first location. Girl’s boarding school & orphanage home. (S8°'19.092’ E116°17.108')

0830 – Start to set up first water tank. 0920 – Breakfast nearby while flushing sediment from filter.

1005 – Continue with set up. Electrical wiring and plumbing.

1045 – Took 100ml water for test kit. Left boarding school to visit Bamboo House.

1100 – Inspected bamboo house erected by S.R. House at a cost of Rp 65.000.000. Expected to last permanently. Approximately 40m2.

1130 – Walked to Dusun Santong Desa Santong. Meeting with local partner for planning. Tank a Gomantar village unable to install due to delay in their village meeting.

1145 – Dropped off water tank and filter set for future installation at Gomantar by local people.

1200 – Depart from Santong.

1255 – Arrive at Desa.

1520 – Return to base.

1625 – Arrived for lunch at roadside restaurant.

1710 – Left restaurant for Base Sanggar Sari.

1735 – Arrived at camp.

1900 – Team leader not feeling well and resting. Assistant leader took over. 4 members met with Pastor Paulus to discuss plans for tomorrow – 1 tank in Kangar and 1 in Senaru starting 6am.

2015 – Dinner & rest.

23 Sep 0600 – Wake up. 0620 – Pack and load water tanks onto 4WD.

0715 – 7 members left base camp to travel to Senaru, team leader stayed back and rest.

0805 – Breakfast stop.

0845 – Finished breakfast. Continue on to Senaru.

1000 – Arrived at Senaru. S8°16'44.84429" E116° 24'59.24553". Meeting with villagers.

1020 – Depart for tank installation location.

1030 – Arrived at location, unload and set up water filters and tanks. S8°16'8.91637" E116°25'9.06685"

1255 – Installation completed. 2 members to stay back to wait for filter flushing (for water test kit). 5 members to travel back to base camp by MPV.

1420 – Stopped for lunch.

1445 – Continue to base camp.

1450 – Remaining 2 members left installation site to travel back to base camp.

1505 – Reached base camp, pack up.

1615 – Remaining 2 members arrived back at base camp.

1650 – Love gift for Pastor Paulus. Prayer.

1700 – Depart from Sanggar Sari for Senggigi.

1800 – Arrived at Kebun Resort. S 8°29'33.67788" E 116°2'41.84988"

1930 – Dinner, rest.

23 Sep 0830 – Wake up & Breakfast.

0930 – Team debriefing and sharing.

1315 – Depart from Kebun Resort for lunch at Roemah Langko, Mataram.

1700 – Check out from Kebun Resort.

1800 – Arrived at Lombok International Airport.

2030 – Take off.

2320 – Arrived at KLIA 2, team prayers & dismiss.

Activities

1. RO Water Treatment System Installation

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Picture 1 & 2, location: Girl’s boarding school & orphanage home. GPS: S8°19.092’ E116°17.108'

Picture 3: Left container – before RO water system filtration. Right container – water collected after filtration. E. Coli is positive on the right container.

Water test using: Readycult® Coliforms 100 Presence/Absence Test for Detection and Identification of Coliform Bacteria and Escherichia coli in waters.

Steps:

  1. Add 100 ml of water sample into a sterile, transparent vessel with screw cap.
  2. Take one snap pack, shortly tap to ensure the granules are at the bottom. Bend the upper part of the snap pack until it breaks open. Do not touch the opening to avoid contamination risk!
  3. Add the content to the water sample. Seal the vessel and shake to dissolve the granules completely.
  4. The prepared broth is clear and yellowish.
  5. Incubation: up to 24 h at 35°C to 37°C. If incubated at room temperature (20 to 25°C) the incubation time is prolonged to 48 hours.

Result:

  • Negative: No colour change. The broth remains yellowish in colour.
  • Total Coliforms: Any colour change of the broth to blue-green, even in the upper section of the broth only, confirms the presence of coliforms (X-GAL reaction). No decoloration with shaking!
  • E. Coli: Check blue-green coloured vessels for fluorescence by using a long wave UV-lamp (366 mm) in front of the vessel. Light blue fluorescence indicates presence of E. coli (MUG reaction).

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Installation at Masjid Baiturrahim, Dusun Kopong Sesangun, Desa Sambik Bangkol. GPS: S8°19’57” E116°16’33”

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Installation at Dusun Mageling, Desa Senaru. GPS: S 8°16'8.91637" E 116°25'9.06685"

Delivered water tank and RO System at Santong Desa Santong GPS: S8°19’10” E116°17’14”. This tank will be install at Gomantar by our local partner later.

 

RO Water System Installation Process:

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2. Children Psycho Social Support

Location: Sanggar Sari Base Camp. S8°23.801’ E116°7.575'

Volunteers: Grace Lee, Edward Tan, Hwee Wei, Michael Chang.

Activities: Average of 80 children come to the base daily to receive psycho social activities from our volunteers. The Pink Shoes (TPS) from Malaysia had donated 58 handmade soft toys for the kids. Activities like singing, dancing and any performance or skit with morals are welcome by the locals.

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3. Malaria Outbreak Assessment

Location: Kebun Resort, Senggigi. S8°29'33.67788" E116°2'41.84988"

Name: Dr Ika Caesarina

Assessment Summary: Dr Ika has her own medical practice in the city of Mataram. The earthquake cracked the walls in her clinic and it became unsafe. She mentioned the common mosquito borne diseases are Dengue and Malaria. Following the earthquake, the residents refused to stay indoors and the number of Malaria infection doubled compared to the same period in 2017. 137 cases have reported as per September 16, 2018. Dr Ika also commented that the majority of her patients infected by Malaria before the earthquake were foreigners.

Financial Reports

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82% of the funds was directly delivered to the hands of the survivors
9% of the expenses was paid by the volunteers

Recommendations

1. Transitional Shelters

Leader of MDS, Pak Paulus Hartono has received permission from local authority to build 141 transitional shelters (4m x 5m) in Dusun Rangsot Timur and 220 in Dudun Sanggar Sari. The cost of the transitional shelter is as listed below.

ITEMS

QTY

UNIT (IDR)

TOTAL (IDR)

TOTAL (RM)

SENG (2mm – 250cm)

16

65,000.00

1,040,000.00

312.00

SENG TOP (2mm x 45 x 600cm)

6

15,000.00

90,000.00

27.00

PLAT BESI U

6

20,000.00

120,000.00

36.00

PAKU SENG /ons

6

5,000.00

30,000.00

9.00

PAKU DINDING /ons

3

5,000.00

15,000.00

4.50

BAUT 12cm

20

5,000.00

100,000.00

30.00

BAUT 8cm

12

4,000.00

48,000.00

14.40

SEMEN / SAK

1

55,000.00

55,000.00

16.50

TRIPLEK 5mm

15

75,000.00

1,125,000.00

337.50

TUKANG JAWA 2 ORG – 2 HARI

4

150,000.00

600,000.00

180.00

TUKANG LOKAL 2 ORG – 2 HARI

4

100,000.00

400,000.00

120.00

GRAND TOTAL

3,623,000.00

1,086.90

*Exchange rate based on 1 IDR = 0.0003 RM

The permanent shelter will take approximately 1-2 years or longer to be built by the local authority. On completion of the permanent shelter, the transitional shelter will be used as the kitchen. MDR lacks fund for the remaining 70 transitional shelters.

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Based on discussion between MDS and our team, it is strongly recommended to support this project. Providing transitional shelters for the survivors may help to prevent further outbreak of Malaria. Moreover, these structures can be used as the kitchen when the permanent shelter has been built.

2. Rebuilding Primary School

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2.1 The primary school located at Dusun Sanggar Sari was badly damaged by the earthquake. Currently, volunteers have lock down the remaining building and ready to rebuild. The 60 students of the school are attending classes in temporary classrooms in tents.

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Total rebuilding cost for this project is IDR 110,000,000 (RM 30,000) remaining IDR 46,000,000 (RM 12,600) to be raised.

Landscape = 300m2 (100m2 for classroom, 100m2 for garden and playground, and 100m2 remain as empty space).

2.2 Another school is located at Rangsot Timur, 26 students. Total cost IDR 40,000,000 (RM 11,000).

Landscape = 90m2 (40m2 for building, 50m2 for garden)

3. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Support.

PTSD is on high demand for the adults. At this moment, BNBP and many local NGOs are conducting activities for the children but not for the adults. The challenge CREST faces to provide this support is the language and interpreter.

Submitted by CK Cheong
Date: 06–Oct–2018

Read 43 times Last modified on Wednesday, 17 October 2018 19:52