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Lombok Indonesia Earthquake

Background

On 5 August 2018, a destructive and shallow earthquake measuring Mw 6.9 (ML 7.0 according to BMKG) struck the island of Lombok, Indonesia. It was the main shock following its foreshock, a nearby Mw 6.4 earthquake on 29 July. It was followed by another 6.9 earthquake on 19 August 2018.


Widespread damage was reported in Lombok and Bali. Officials stated that at least 80% of structures in North Lombok were either damaged or destroyed. In the aftermath of the sequence of earthquakes in August, a total of 563 people was confirmed killed while more than 1,000 were confirmed injured. More than 417,000 people were displaced.

CREST partnering with Methodist Crisis Relief & Development (MCRD) Malaysia, received appeals from Mennonite Diakonia Service (MDS) to set up 5 sets of reverse osmosis drinking water (RO Water) treatment system at Mentigi, Krandangan, Sanggar Sari, Resot Timur dan Tanjung. Each unit costs Rp. 10,000,000 with a capacity of providing clean drinking water for 500 families in transitional shelters.


Objective

  1. Install 5 units RO Water treatment system according to the locations.

  2. Children physio social support.

  3. Assessment with local partner for future development projects.


Team Member

Team Leader : CK Cheong (CREST)

Assistant Team Leader : Edward Tan (CREST)

Logistics : Chan Wai Hong (Volunteer)

Travel Log : Phil Yee (MCRD), Pink Yap (Volunteer)

Treasurer : Michael Chang (MCRD)\

Photographer : Hee Wei (Volunteer)\

Children Mission : Grace Lee (Volunteer)

*MCRD – Methodist Crisis Relief and Development


Travel Events

Date / Event


Activities

1. RO Water Treatment System Installation

Picture 1 & 2, location: Girl’s boarding school & orphanage home. GPS: S8°19.092’ E116°17.108'


Picture 3: Left container – before RO water system filtration. Right container – water collected after filtration. E. Coli is positive on the right container.


Water test using: Readycult® Coliforms 100 Presence/Absence Test for Detection and Identification of Coliform Bacteria and Escherichia coli in waters.


Steps:

  1. Add 100 ml of water sample into a sterile, transparent vessel with screw cap.

  2. Take one snap pack, shortly tap to ensure the granules are at the bottom. Bend the upper part of the snap pack until it breaks open. Do not touch the opening to avoid contamination risk!

  3. Add the content to the water sample. Seal the vessel and shake to dissolve the granules completely.

  4. The prepared broth is clear and yellowish.

  5. Incubation: up to 24 h at 35°C to 37°C. If incubated at room temperature (20 to 25°C) the incubation time is prolonged to 48 hours.

Result:

  • Negative: No colour change. The broth remains yellowish in colour.

  • Total Coliforms: Any colour change of the broth to blue-green, even in the upper section of the broth only, confirms the presence of coliforms (X-GAL reaction). No decoloration with shaking!

  • E. Coli: Check blue-green coloured vessels for fluorescence by using a long wave UV-lamp (366 mm) in front of the vessel. Light blue fluorescence indicates presence of E. coli (MUG reaction).


Installation at Masjid Baiturrahim, Dusun Kopong Sesangun, Desa Sambik Bangkol. GPS: S8°19’57” E116°16’33”


Installation at Dusun Mageling, Desa Senaru. GPS: S 8°16'8.91637" E 116°25'9.06685"


Delivered water tank and RO System at Santong Desa Santong GPS: S8°19’10” E116°17’14”. This tank will be install at Gomantar by our local partner later.


RO Water System Installation Process:



2. Children Psycho Social Support


Location: Sanggar Sari Base Camp. S8°23.801’ E116°7.575'


Volunteers: Grace Lee, Edward Tan, Hwee Wei, Michael Chang.


Activities: Average of 80 children come to the base daily to receive psycho social activities from our volunteers. The Pink Shoes (TPS) from Malaysia had donated 58 handmade soft toys for the kids. Activities like singing, dancing and any performance or skit with morals are welcome by the locals.


3. Malaria Outbreak Assessment


Location: Kebun Resort, Senggigi. S8°29'33.67788" E116°2'41.84988"


Name: Dr Ika Caesarina

Assessment Summary: Dr Ika has her own medical practice in the city of Mataram. The earthquake cracked the walls in her clinic and it became unsafe. She mentioned the common mosquito borne diseases are Dengue and Malaria. Following the earthquake, the residents refused to stay indoors and the number of Malaria infection doubled compared to the same period in 2017. 137 cases have reported as per September 16, 2018. Dr Ika also commented that the majority of her patients infected by Malaria before the earthquake were foreigners.


Financial Reports

82% of the funds was directly delivered to the hands of the survivors 9% of the expenses was paid by the volunteers



Recommendations

1. Transitional Shelters

Leader of MDS, Pak Paulus Hartono has received permission from local authority to build 141 transitional shelters (4m x 5m) in Dusun Rangsot Timur and 220 in Dudun Sanggar Sari. The cost of the transitional shelter is as listed below.

*Exchange rate based on 1 IDR = 0.0003 RM


The permanent shelter will take approximately 1-2 years or longer to be built by the local authority. On completion of the permanent shelter, the transitional shelter will be used as the kitchen. MDR lacks fund for the remaining 70 transitional shelters.

Based on discussion between MDS and our team, it is strongly recommended to support this project. Providing transitional shelters for the survivors may help to prevent further outbreak of Malaria. Moreover, these structures can be used as the kitchen when the permanent shelter has been built.


2. Rebuilding Primary School

2.1 The primary school located at Dusun Sanggar Sari was badly damaged by the earthquake. Currently, volunteers have lock down the remaining building and ready to rebuild. The 60 students of the school are attending classes in temporary classrooms in tents.


Total rebuilding cost for this project is IDR 110,000,000 (RM 30,000) remaining IDR 46,000,000 (RM 12,600) to be raised.


Landscape = 300m2 (100m2 for classroom, 100m2 for garden and playground, and 100m2 remain as empty space).


2.2 Another school is located at Rangsot Timur, 26 students. Total cost IDR 40,000,000 (RM 11,000).


Landscape = 90m2 (40m2 for building, 50m2 for garden)


3. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Support.

PTSD is on high demand for the adults. At this moment, BNBP and many local NGOs are conducting activities for the children but not for the adults. The challenge CREST faces to provide this support is the language and interpreter.


Submitted by CK Cheong Date: 06–Oct–2018




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